Human Immunodeficiency Virus or, as known commonly, HIV is referred to a member of retrovirus family which is identified with reverse RNA replication as their mode of survival. Apparently, HIV is severely responsible for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome commonly known as AIDS amongst people.
The terminology of the name of the very disease or, as referred by experts and scientists, pandemic has highly evolved by its nature of acquiring the virus from someone already suffering from it which targets directly to immune system of the body.
Unprotected sex with an infected person and unsafe practices like sharing shooting drug needles are two most common features which are highly responsible for transmitting the virus. An unborn child can directly receive the deadly virus in the womb from an infected mother.
In fact, there are proven cases where a child was found infected after being regularly breast fed from an infected mother. In the early 90s, the infected blood transfusion was considered to the most prevalent factor responsible for AIDS.
With an impressive involvement of contemporary technologies, it is possible to carefully examine and screen the blood supply which has helped incredibly cut down on the risks of transmitting the fatal virus. The debate over HIV virus being transmitted by tears or saliva has drawn equal flak from experts and scientists.
However, deep kissing to an infected person with bleeding gums or soars in mouth can lead to the virus transmission. As there are no officially registered cases of HIV transmission through oral sex, mystery over some cases and the theories believed by experts have led to further complications.
HIV infection can evolve as AIDS in an average of ten years in the absence of drug treatment which is, however, determined by the reasonable diet of a person.
Apparently, a poor malnourished body will drastically fail to stand and guard against the powerful HIV virus. In such cases, HIV will grow faster and lead to unpredictable death.
10 Common Signs And Symptoms Of Acute HIV Infection
Acute HIV Stages And Categorization
HIV infection can be categorized into three main stages—incubation, acute infection, and the latency stage. While entering of virus into the immune system of the body is defined as incubation, the proliferation or active mobility achievement by the virus is referred to the second stage—acute infection. On the contrary, latency is the last stage where the infection has evolved through odds as AIDS succeeding.
According to proven cases and reports, the physical symptoms have failed drastically to play integral role in the prospective diagnosis treatment.
The doctors highly recommended ELISA and Western Blot tests during or in the beginning of the treatment. As mentioned earlier, the infection starts volatile proliferation by acquiring the virus through means that have been discussed above.
In the next stage, an infected person after two or three weeks exhibits symptoms of influenza or mononucleosis which is the beginning of Acute Infection state.
The Scientific Definition of Acute HIV
To be more precise scientifically, brisk viral reproduction which is multiplied by the virus and the concentration, considerably, brought to several million per ML in the secondary circulatory system is called acute HIV infection. This process leads to decrease in CD4+ T cells and activates CD8+ cells which eat away HIV infected cells.
Acute HIV Symptoms
The resulted illness survives ten weeks which represents features such as fever, lymphadenopathy, pharyngitis, generalized rash of maculopapular type, myalgia, malaise, mouth and esophageal sores, headache, nausea and vomiting, enlarged liver or spleen, weight loss, thrush, and neurological symptoms. However, the subtle and volatile nature of infection undergoes unwavering experiences where an infected individual may or may not experience the very prospective symptoms. Additionally, the symptoms are deceptive enough to be found in other viral infections. It is a common scenario that people are misdiagnosed for other relatively infectious diseases as deadly HIV symptoms are quite similar to existing and treatable diseases.
Add to worse, the treatment procedure is incompatible to fight and guard against HIV infection as the prospective factors are underdeveloped or generated by common diseases. It is important to detect the symptoms during this most infectious stage or it may lead to unfavorable and fatal consequences.
Acute HIV Behavior
Acute HIV infection stands reasonably competent to grow and form HIV disease, however, in most cases, it does not. Interestingly, a large group of patients attain AIDS ultimately. There is a very insignificant history of people tested positive for HIV but their further tests and reports remained significantly negative. These rare medical histories on HIV might turn an expedition to its requisite direction. Under the observation, the human body has shown promising features to naturally come out of HIV risks. In fact, these cases are being studied to overcome the prospective odds. Although there is no cure for AIDS, there are drugs available that may help an infected individual bring down the volatility of HIV virus or cut down the time of damage to the immune system. But still, AIDS or HIV infection is untreatable. The medical science is struggling to invent a drug to remove or clear HIV from the body. For some, the cure for HIV will be the most remarkable achievement of medical science ever.
Drugs and Prevention
After attacking the patient’s immune system, it allows an individual to become vulnerable to the risks of other infections. The immune system of an infected individual goes so weak that he or she can succumb to regular cold.Over the past many years, the scientists have been researching to develop drugs or treatments that can treat or cure opportunistic infections which are also termed as OI. The invention of ARVs is a significant invention in the relative direction. The contemporary and stronger ARVs help reduce the rate of so called opportunistic infections. However, ARVs fail to work upon several other opportunistic infections on regular basis. In such a grim HIV scenario, the only effective solution is prevention. In fact, prevention is better than the very cure. Unprotected sex and the people with suspicious sexual history are two driving factors responsible to attract HIV infection. It is advised to always believe in safe sex with trusted partners. Needles or syringes must not be shared at any given circumstances. Condoms can be used effectively as a lethal weapon in the battle of AIDS.
Unintentional weight loss, chronic diarrhea, skin rashes especially on your face, genitals or anus, ulcers or infections in your mouth and genitals, sweats especially at night, unusual tiredness or Fatigue, nausea or loss of appetite, swollen lymph glands in the neck, groin or armpits, enlarged liver or spleen, and influenza. Mononucleosis can be summed as ten most common signs and symptoms of acute HIV infection. It is advisable to consult your physician if any of the symptoms are observed.