Medical science is improving everyday. There are new experiments being carried on, new researches being done, new treatments being discovered and new medicines introduced, that aim at curing the most deadly of diseases too.
But, one of the typical diseases that still remain beyond complete treatment is AIDS or Acquired Immuno Deficiency. Whenever we come across people who suffer from this life threatening disease, we get panicked, thinking about the condition of the sufferer.
We get afraid about AIDS because of two basic reasons. On one hand, there is no treatment, no medication that can completely cure the disease. On the other hand, a victim suffering from AIDS is easily vulnerable to minor germs and bacteria. Their immunity decreases so harshly that they get affected by cold and coughs too, that turn out to be havoc for them.
Thus, what we must realize is how AIDS spreads. Staying away from these factors will help us to keep the killer disease entirely at bay. Let us have a detailed idea of these triggers of AIDS.
Factor no.1: Unprotected Sexual Transmission
One of the chief factors that lead to AIDS is unprotected sexual contact. This means, when a person suffering from AIDS enters into unprotected sexual intercourse with another individual, who is free from the disease, the former become the agent who transmits the disease to the latter. Therefore, avoid unprotected sexual encounter.
Factors no.2: Mother Becomes an Agent
When a woman suffering from AIDS, conceives a baby, there are cent percent chances that the disease can get transmitted from the mother to the unborn fetus inside her womb. This chance of transmission remains active when the mother gets pregnant, when the fetus grows inside the womb, when the baby gets delivered and even when the mother breast feeds her baby. This form of AIDS transmission is noticed mostly in the African countries.
Factor no.3: Infected Blood Transfusion
This method of transmission of AIDS is a raging problem all over the world. This is a medical careless. When blood transfusion occurs between a person who is not a sufferer of AIDS and a victim of AIDS, the disease is transmitted.
The victim, in such cases, is a donor. There can also be cases when blood transmitted from vials may also contain germs of AIDS. Hence, whenever injected into the body of a healthy individual, the person gets affected by the disease. So, it is utmost important to examine for AIDS before transfusion.
Factor no.4: Infected Needle Sharing
Needle sharing is common practice among people who are drug addicts and share needles among each others for intravenous drugs. Prior to the invention of disposable injections, this practice was also followed in hospitals and nursing homes for administering intravenous medicines to patients. Thus, on occasions of infected needle sharing, AIDS gets transmitted.
Factor no.5: Occupational Hazard
Occupational hazard is another factor that leads to the transmission of AIDS. If the infected syringes, needles and other medical equipments are not disposed off properly, they become the agents of transfer of AIDS from affected the healthy individuals.
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