The bodies of men and women are completely different; therefore as obvious as it is their health issues and health problems also vary a bit. Men as they age are put at a higher risk of developing couple of diseases like heart failure or diabetes etc. Therefore couple of tests need to be performed as a screening tool. The main target point of this article is to create awareness among men and especially the high risk groups who must know about these simple tests which might help in predicting the disease at very early stage. Following is the list of essential health tests which a man needs to do once he has crossed 35-40 years of age. Let us have a look.
Top 8 Health Check Every Man Should Do
Blood test – total CBC levels
A complete blood count is one of the most basic blood test performed. This gives a measure of haemoglobin levels and detects if there is anaemia or not. Also a CBC test can tell you whether there is any infection in the body or not. Anything from the slightest infection to a leukaemia or any other cancer affects the blood count. Any high variation which is observed is an alert signal which must be taken seriously. This test is simple to perform and involves just a simple finger prick.
Lipid profile gives an idea of the lipid levels in the blood. The values which are checked are triglycerides, cholesterol levels, good (high density lipoproteins) and bad fat (low density lipoproteins, triglyceride levels, etc.) content in the blood etc. If the lipid profile is not proper the person is at a high risk of developing number of serious health disorders like diabetes or cardio-vascular diseases. This happens because the lipids in blood tend to go and stick to blood vessels walls forming clots and blockages. Male sex is at a higher risk for developing these conditions as compared to females and thus it is very important for them to check their lipid profiles at regular intervals.
Blood Sugar levels (test for diabetes)
Blood sugar levels are tested with the help of some blood glucose tests like fasting blood sugar and HbA1c test. This is required to detect diabetes. Diabetes is a progressive disease which remains undiagnosed in many people for a long period of time. Thus when the disease is finally detected the condition of the patient has worsened already. Hence a regular blood glucose testing for screening diabetes at an early stage helps in better control over diabetes in those diagnosed with it.
Prostate cancer test
After a certain age, males are at some risk of developing prostate cancer. As we know earlier the cancer is detected, easier it is to treat and cure the cancer. Therefore as per recommendations, after age of 40-45 males must be screened for prostate cancer on regular basis.
Thyroid hormones which are released by the thyroid gland are required for normal growth, development and metabolism in the body. This is called maintaining homeostasis in the body. Any changes or abnormality in the thyroid gland causes lot of imbalance in body as well. Thus regularly thyroid tests must be performed as a screening tool.
A respiratory test basically checks how well your lungs are working. Any cases of asthma or other lung disorders can be diagnosed with the help of these respiratory tests. The male population is usually associated with smoking and lot of passive smoke also; this puts them at a higher risk of developing respiratory disorders; hence a respiratory test must be performed.
Complete cardiac tests
Men are at higher risk of getting cardiovascular disorders than females. Thus a complete heart check-up on regular basis is essential. These tests include a blood pressure testing (for high and low BP), ABI testing for peripheral blockages (ABI: ankle brachial index), ECG, a stress test and in some case an angiography (only if required).
Over the years as age progresses there are higher chances of getting glaucoma, blurred vision, cataract, retinopathy (due to diabetes) or other eye complications. Hence it is advisable to perform eye tests regularly and timely and make sure you do it with the help of an expert.
Other than the above mentioned tests, depending on the individual lifestyle and habits there might be some other tests also which could be helpful. These tests include getting checked for anxiety and depression, sexually transmitted diseases, chest X-rays, etc. Also with increasing age it is advisable to quit smoking and reduce the consumption of alcohol to keep your body healthy.