There are certain minerals which are required by the human body. These minerals possess a positive or negative charge. This charge is electrical in nature. Magnesium, potassium, chloride and sodium are some examples of minerals which are needed by the body. Such minerals are referred to as electrolytes. These electrolytes are vitally important for the normal functioning of the human body.
Processes such as digestion, excretion and respiration cannot be performed efficiently if these electrolytes are not present in adequate amounts. They are present in various body fluids such as blood, urine and digestive juices. Electrolytes are responsible for maintaining the pH level in the human body. On a normal basis, these electrolytes are balanced in the body.
However, these electrolytes can be rapidly lost from the body due to excessive sweating. Dysentery, diarrhoea and vomiting can also result in the loss of vital electrolytes from the body. There can also be certain situations wherein the electrolyte levels in the body rise to abnormally high levels. Such a situation can also cause serious consequences.
It is important to take immediate corrective action so as to restore the electrolyte levels back to normal. Electrolytes are present in various fruits, nuts and vegetables. They can also be obtained from energy drinks.
Top Sources Of Electrolytes
Salty Food Items
Common salt contains sodium and chloride. Both these elements are powerful electrolytes which are very beneficial for the health and proper functioning of the human body.
Very often, rigorous exercise routines cause the person to lose vital electrolytes from the body. In such cases, it is important to compensate for this rapid loss. Apart from consuming salt in your meals, you can eat some salted wafers or salted nuts. These foods help to restore the electrolyte levels back to normal.
Coconut water is an excellent rehydration solution and has been used in numerous cases of electrolyte imbalance around the world. Coconut water is obtained from the tender coconut. Such coconuts do not have much flesh or meat.
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They contain a sweet fluid which is commonly called coconut water. Those who suffer from diarrhoea or dysentery are often given this water on a regular basis so as to compensate for the loss of bodily fluids. In certain cases, this water can also be used intravenously so as to restore the electrolyte balance of the patient back to normal within a short span of time.
There are several varieties of sports drinks which are available in the market today. These drinks are also very effective in supplying the body with vital electrolytes which are needed for its proper functioning.
People must choose sports drinks which contain fruit juices as these are more effective than other non-fruit varieties of sports drinks. Apart from containing natural sources of electrolytes such as fruits, these drinks also contain various added electrolytes which work to counter any imbalances in the body. One such sports drink is Gatorade.
Bananas and Avocados
Both these fruits are very good sources of vital electrolytes. Bananas are easily digested by the body and are often given to patients who are recovering from dysentery and diarrhoea. Avocados are also extremely effective as they help to nourish the body.