Acne is a skin condition, which leads to pimples and breakouts on the face. 80% of teenagers and 10% of adults suffer from acne at some point in their lives. Most of the time acne can be cured effectively without damaging results to the skin. In some cases, however, the pustules leave behind scars and blemishes, which disfigure the skin and is difficult to remove. Acne scarring can be stubborn and persistent if not treated in time. A combination of skin resurfacing and surgical procedures may be required to treat acne scars. Here are some of the recommended treatments for acne scar removal.
Best Treatment For Acne Scars
The first and foremost step in scar healing is the reduction of post-acne inflammation and redness. This causes minute changes in the appearance of the skin, which gradually disappears on its own. If the pigmentation caused by acne remains even after one year, it is diagnosed as an acne scar.
The scars can be superficial or deeply embedded as seen in the form of acne pits. In order to prevent scarring, patients must adopt a hands-off approach where the scabs and pimple wounds are not picked at. By not scratching and picking at the pimple, long-term damage caused by acne scars can be prevented to a large extent.
Important Tips for Acne Scar Healing
There are certain steps that you must follow in order to aid in the healing process. One of these is, unprotected exposure to the sun. All-out efforts must be made to wear a good sunscreen, which can prevent unnecessary skin damage. Use topical ointments and medications, which contain retinol, which helps to activate the skin healing process at a fast rate.
Dermal fillers are now being used to give the skin a raised surface and to fill up deeper scars that leave ugly pits and remain unresponsive to conventional therapies. Dermal fillers use collagen, bovine collagen, hyaluronic acid and fat. These help to temporarily fill up the scars but further doses of the collagen may be required. These are not a permanent treatment for acne scars.
This is a surgical method used for boxcar scars and ice pick scars which are deeper and difficult to treat. In this surgical procedure, a punch tool, which is like a cookie cutter, is used to burrow into the scar and excise the scar. The skin edges are sutured together. This helps to remove pits and the newer scars may not be that prominent. Even if they are, they are now amenable to skin resurfacing procedures.
Punch Excision with Skin grafting
This surgical procedure uses the same punch excision procedure but also uses a skin graft to cover up the scar after it has been excised. The new skin is generally taken from behind the ear. The procedure may lead to minor colour differences on the surface of the skin but these too can be corrected with the help of skin resurfacing techniques.
Laser resurfacing uses a high intensity laser to burn the superficial layer of the skin. This then heals and is replaced by a newer, fresher layer of skin. This technique works better on superficial scars and blemishes.