Balanitis is a fungal or bacterial infection that causes inflammation, most commonly on tip of the penis and the foreskin. It is also called male yeast infection and is often a painful experience for men.
Balanitis can affect uncircumcised men all the more. Growth of fungus around and under the foreskin of men causes this condition. A diabetic person is more susceptible to this infection.
Symptoms of balanitis include red, swollen penis or foreskin, particularly a rash on the tip that can be smooth, patchy or scaly, accompanied by foul smelling discharge. It causes discomfort like pain and itching, specially during urination and intercourse.
The primary cause of balanitis that causes inflammation can be poor hygiene. Daily cleaning the area around and under the foreskin with warm water is highly necessary. Infection can also be caused due to various other reasons like not washing off the soap while bathing, using of harsh soap or contact allergy by use of condoms etc.
Best Treatment Options For Balanitis
Balanitis is a common problem among men. Do not hesitate to visit your doctor if you have similar kind of symptoms. Negligence can make the skin condition worse. Before using any drug, consult your physician. After discussing the symptoms with you, your physician will suggest the best possible treatment.
Treatment of balanitis is usually determined by the underlying cause. When fungal or bacterial infection is the underlying cause, balanitis is treated with topical or oral antibiotics. Anti-fungal medications are often prescribed by the doctors. Antibiotic cream or pills are often prescribed to give relief from pain and itching.
To treat this skin condition, physicians often prescribe a combination of topical anti-fungal medication, astringent compresses, and topical anti-biotic and topical steroid (mild). Some widely prescribed drugs are clotrimazole, cephalexin, topical bacitracin and codeine. Topical steroid should not be used for a long period. If inflammation is recurring or not responding to the anti-fungal treatment, your doctor may suggest surgical removal of foreskin.
If the underlying cause of balanitis is fungal or bacterial infection, it can be treated at home with simple remedies without any medical intervention. The first and the foremost measure you should take at home are:
• Keep the foreskin and head of the penis completely clean and dry. Don’t use harsh soap for cleaning; instead use warm water. Stay away from using lubricated condom.
• Mix 1 cup salt and 1 cup vinegar in your bathing water. Water should be lukewarm. Bathing with this water will help to kill fungus.
• While using anti-fungal cream, mix 2-3 drop of white vinegar with the cream. Vinegar is very effective in killing the bacteria.
• Rubbing tea tree oil on the affected area can also give considerable relief as it has anti-fungal properties.
• Eating yogurt or applying it on the affected area will help to fight fungal infection effectively. It can help to cure balanitis fast by killing the bacteria.
• Use garlic paste on the affected area. It will reduce inflammation.
• Consume calendula in tea form twice or thrice a day.
• Rub virgin coconut oil on the affected area.
Keep the penis area clean and dry. Wash the area with water after urination every time and wipe the excess water with a clean towel. Keeping the area moisture free and dry will help to prevent the growth of bacteria. Stay away from using shower gels. Your underwear should be washed and properly rinsed in non-biological detergent.