Wines are best liked alcoholic drink on the earth. The aroma, flavor and sensation of wine is unmatched. Wines are treated as a celebration drink. If you are a wine lover and treat all wines like same ,then you are not enjoying wine to its fullest.
Here is all the information , that you should know to enjoy this gift of nature fully . Wine is also good for your health. According to a recent report of the American heart association, one or two glasses of wine per day is good for your health.
There are endless varieties of wines available. Here is an over view of the most popular wine varieties from all over the world.
Different Varieties Of Wines
Dessert wines as their name suggest, are the sweet wines and prepared by the residual sugar which is left out in wine making process.
Some popular sweet wines are sweet White wines, Ice Wine and Late Harvest Wine.
Rose wines are very light and refreshing and most suitable for outdoor use. These wines are prepared from the red grapes varietal, but neither they are of red color nor white in color, instead have a very little reddish tinge and that’s why they are also called Blush wines .
The varietals used to prepare rose wines as solo or in a blend are Pinot Noir, Syrah, Grenache and few more.
Sparkling wines are the celebration wines, with a little but strong effervescences. They are bubbly , lovely and lively and have nose tickling character .These wines are mildly sweet to dry in taste.
Champagne is the most celebrated sparkling wine all over the world. One other famous sparkling wine is Prosecco.
Fortified wines are those that are produced by adding extra alcohol during their making process to give an extra kick .The fortified wines are of both ,sweet and dry style. The most famous fortified wines are port and sherry.Some other fortified wines are Madeira, Marsala and Vin Doux Naturel.
To prepare Port , brandy is added at the time of fermentation, during the wine making process. This results in a wine that is quite high in alcohol percent, thick and sweet. Touuriga Nacional is the dominating and mostly widely used grape varietal in making Port wines.
There are two types of port named Ruby and Tawny.
Ruby ports are bottled and sold immediately after preparing ,as they don’t need aging . It is of bright ruby color, fruity and spicy in taste. Ruby ports are sub categorized as Single Quinta, when all the grapes used to prepare belongs to a single vineyard and of single year and Vintage ,when they are made in a particular year and bottled after two or more years of aging. Vintage ports are the most juicy and fruity in taste, warm in nature and silky in texture . When sealed , vintage Ruby port have a very long shelf life .
Tawny ports are aged in casks for years .These wines due to their exposure to oxygen present in air turns tawny color. They are more sophisticated then rubies and are categorized as Aged tawnies and Colheita. Aged tawnies are kept in casks for a minimum period of six years before bottling. They have very specific taste, flavor and character.
The wines with a year specific vintage are named Colhita .They have more to offer when compared with aged tawnies.
Sherry is also a fortified wine, mostly produced in Spain. In the process of manufacturing sherry, grape sprit is added at the time when grape juice is fully fermented. It is mostly made from the Palomino varietal of grape.
There are many varieties of Sherry. Fino is pale colored, tangy in taste ,dry wine while Olorosso is of dark color and has a distinctively nutty character. Manzanilla is a crunchy and light wine and should be consumed young and chilled . Pedro Ximenez is a rich and thick Sherry,which in combination with ice cream is a killer . Amontillado and Cream are other two variants
if only one variety of grape is used fully or it dominates in making of the wine and it is mentioned on the label, then the wine produced is called varietal and is named after the grape .Varietal wines taste depends upon the grapes varietal used to make them.
Both the red and wines comes in different varietials and blends.
Varietals of Red wine
Named due to their color, red wines are made from the red grapes . These are the wines that are produced almost everywhere in the world. Some varietals of red wine are Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec , Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah (Shiraz), Zinfandel and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Merlot is known as introducing wine for new users .It has a very tender and fruity flavor. For new users it is the best wine, because it is an easy going wine.
Varietals of White wine
White wines are made from the white grapes varieties. Some times white wines are made from the red grapes. In this process the skin of the grapes is not brought in contact with the grape juice. The white wines are of all taste, dry to sweet. Like red wines ,white wines also come in various varietals and blends.
The varietals of white wine are Chardonnay, Pinot gris, Riesling,colombard Sauvignon Blanc, Gewurztraminer, viogneir and Rose wines.
The wines made from more than one type of grapes are called blended wines . For this class of wines the region of origin of grapes is much important than the varietals of grape.
Blends of Red wines
Few common blends of red wines are Bordeaux Blends (Claret), Chianti, Rhône Blends, Rioja and Valpolicella Blends.
Blends of White wines
Some of the exciting blends of white wine are Beyersk loof pinotage, Chapil Hill il Vescovo, John Duval , Bunkers etc. Come on, now with all these details, choose a right wine for right occasion and keep on celebrating.