Also called as nodulo-cystic acne, cystic acne is the most severe form of acne. Usually characterized by large, deep blemishes that erupt all over the face, cystic acne causes skin inflammation with lumps appearing all over the face and body.
These lumps would usually be soft and look as they are filled with fluid. However, they can be very painful and can cause extreme discomfort.
Another form of cystic acne is the nodular acne that usually develops deep within the skin. Appearing as hard lumps on the skin’s surface, nodulo cystic acne can take forever to heal and can be extremely painful when touched or exposed to sunlight.
Causes And Treatment Of Cystic Acne
Basic Causes for Cystic Acne
More prone to attack teenagers, cystic acne is said to affect an individual if his/her family has a history of suffering from the same.
Cystic acne usually develops when there is a rupture in the follicle wall. When this happens, the dermal layer of the skin is affected by the infected material that leaks out of the rupture.
While ruptures near the outer dermal layer can be treated easily, ruptures that occur in the inner dermal layer can cause inflamed blemishes that could take a long time to heal, possibly leaving scars in the process.
Most if not all the times when the rupture and the resulting infection spread to other follicles in the area, a membrane is formed around them, resulting in the formation of nodes which in turn can cause more breakouts and blemishes to occur.
Sometimes cystic acne can be caused by reasons that are similar to normal acne. For instance, cystic acne can be caused by the accumulation of dead skin cells inside the pores of the hair follicles, by oil glands that tend to be a bit overactive, or by infection causing bacteria.
And then again, cystic acne has nothing to do with some of the more popular reasons for normal acne breakouts. For instance, cystic acne would not be caused by skin negligence. It does not have anything to do with irregular skin cleansing, improper lifestyles or binge eating.
After effects of Cystic Acne
Acne itself can be a very troublesome issue to deal with. So imagine having to deal with an issue that is many times worse than acne. That’s what nodulocystic acne can do to your face and body. In addition to temporarily and permanently destroying skin tissue, nodulocystic acne can cause permanent scars and blemishes on the skin surface.
Cystic acne can also have psychological effects on the body. It can be a cause for extreme embarrassment and can actually make a person feel shameful and angry about his/her appearance, feelings that would with time turn into resentment and hatred towards others. Continued displeasure could also lead to depression and in the worst case scenario, mental imbalance.
Getting Cystic Acne Treated
Cystic acne needs special attention and medication, and needs to be treated only under the guidance of a qualified dermatologist. The treatment and medication may vary from individual to individual and would depend on the severity of the attack coupled with your body conditions and constraints.
Treatment for cystic acne may take several weeks with t he first few weeks being practically hopeless. Until the right combination of treatment and medication is found out for your body, you may have to go in for several tries.
Some of the more common medical remedies for cystic acne include oral antibiotics like accutane, surgical treatments like microdermabrasion or surgical excision and drainage, oral contraceptives, intralestional corticosteroid injections and laser treatment etc.
Keeping cystic acne at bay
In addition to taking standard medications and treatments for cystic acne, there are a few precautions you need to follow to keep the issue at bay.
These include not trying to pick/pop/squeeze the cysts and nodules; keeping your face and nails clean (bacteria from the nails can aggravate the infection); and avoiding heavy makeup; and avoiding comedogenic makeup products that may contain many chemicals etc.