Vintage is the name that comes to our mind, when it is about wines. Most people tend to find it a bit confusing. Vintage wines simply tell the year in which the grapes were picked. All the wines will come from a single vintage and the labels pasted on the bottle, will explain the year in which the wine was made. Sparkling, fortified and champagne types are non-vintage.
Micro-climate experiencing areas or a particular wine-growing region varies quite dramatically from one year to the next. Though the same grapes are used, the wines have different characteristics year after year. The changes may be due to the terrain weather conditions in that particular year.
Different grapes respond to different climatic conditions, in their own way. Different types of vintage wines are available in the market and they possess different features. Some of the vintage wine types available and their origins are as follows:
Different Kinds Of Vintage Wine
There are vintage wines that include three-year old reserves, five-year old reserves and twenty-year old reserves. The three-year old reserves are old blends and are normally extracted from Tinta variety. The five-year old reserves are made from 15% tinta and the rest from the blend of another grape variety.
The youngest wine should be at least five years old. The twenty-year old reserve is watered down to some degrees and this makes it become a blend, with the youngest wine. Normally it is not allowed when the original regulations are followed.
It is a wine extracted from a single grape variety and stored in a cask, for a minimum of twenty years and in a bottle for two years. This type of vintage wine is very costly. This is the type of Maderia wine.
Effects of Vintage wine
Wines produced during colder climates are of vintage wines. The reason behind is the climatic change, which brings summer with a much warmer climate. So, riper grapes and better wines have to be produced before the effects of those climates, to make it delicious to taste.
Poor growing seasons may also reduce the sugar level in the grapes, making the quality of wine average. The vintage wine will be of high cost, as it is aged and stored for a longer period of time. They are used during special occasions like friendly parties, marriages etc.
This makes the good times memorable with its true taste and flavor. Port wines can also be called vintage, when it is from a single harvest, bottled for one year between July and June. A Vintage wine possesses certain characteristics that differ from that of the other wines and they are:
The flavors of vintage wines are very good. It can be improved with age, if stored properly. It is often acceptable with red wines.
• To make fine quality vintage wines, harvesting the best quality grapes will help.
• Wine collectors and enthusiasts save bottles of good vintage wines, as this allows the wines to age and give a better flavor.
• As the vintage wines are made from a single batch, they retain the same taste. But factors like climate can alter the character of these wines. So different vintages from the same vineyard can also be found.