Wine is a popular beverage all over the world. It is a symbol of class and culture. Wine selection is an art; your taste of wine defines your taste of good things in life. You have to know the basic information about wine to enhance your wine knowledge. Once you are armed with this knowledge, you can charm your guests the next time you invite them over for a party.
Wine is prepared with two types of grapes i.e. Black Grapes and White Grapes. Grapes are crushed and put in a container and they are left to ferment. It can take three days to three years for wine to ferment and that is what determines the maturity factor of a wine.
The material of container also has an effect on the taste of wine. Grapes of same variety and from the same vineyard will produce different wines if they are fermented in different containers. These days stainless steel and oak wood barrels are more popular.
Different Kinds Of Wine
Red wines are prepared with black grapes with their skin on. The red colour of wine comes from the skin of grapes as the juice extracted from the fruit alone is generally colourless.
Red wines are stronger than other types of wines and they are consumed with heavy foods like red meat and pasta dishes etc. It is served at room temperature. Red Wines take more time to mature than white wines. Popular varieties of Red Wines are Beaujolais, Pinot Noir, Zinfandel, Cabernet and Chianti.
White wines are made with white grapes and sometimes black grapes are also fermented without the skin, to make white wine. White wines taste sweet and dry. They are generally served cold and is accompanied by lighter food such as starters.
The more popular varieties of White Wine are White Burgundy, White Bordeaux, Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc.
All kinds of grapes are used to make Sparkling Wines. The sparkle in these wines comes by the process of trapping the carbon dioxide that is produced in grape juice at the time of fermentation. Sparkling wines are dry wines as against red and white wines.
The most popular Sparkling Wine is Champagne. Any celebration is incomplete without opening a bottle of Champagne. Other varieties of Sparkling Wines are Prosecco, Asti, Cava and Cremant d’Alsac.
Dessert wines are very sweet in taste. They are mostly consumed after meals as a dessert. The sugar content in Dessert Wine is obtained by fermenting over ripe grapes or by drying the grapes to concentrate their sugar content before fermentation. Popular Dessert Wines are Sherry, Sauternes, Port, Ice Wine and Madeira. They last longer than other wines and are a favourite with sailors.
Rose wines are also addressed as Blush wines due to the presence of a hint of pink colour in the wine. The colour is acquired by using black grapes with their skin on during fermentation process and the skin removed after a few hours. Rose tint is also added by mixing Red wine and White wine together. Rose wines are sweet and dry. White Merlot and White Zinfandel are two popular varieties of Rose Wine.