Gynecomastia refers to the presence of abnormally large mammary glands in men, commonly referred to as male breasts. The condition affects around 40-60% of men from all age groups and most of them experience at least some degree of discomfort due to the condition. The good news is that most of these cases are pseudogynecomastia that results exclusively due to excessive adipose tissue and resolves on its own through exercises and weight loss.
Physiologic gynecomastia is more commonly seen in infants and pubertal boys and this too resolves on its own. However, when gynecomastia results due to a growth in the breast tissue, it may persist even after puberty, necessitating medical intervention. The condition generally results due to an imbalance in the sex hormones, resulting in relatively higher levels of estrogen or female hormones as compared to androgen or male hormones.
However, gynecomastia may also appear as a result of side effects of certain medications or might indicate the presence of more serious diseases such as cirrhosis of liver, chronic renal failure, hyperthyroidism or even testicular cancers. It is important to identify the exact cause of the condition for effective treatment.
Tips To Cure Gynecomastia
Exercises And Diet
Regular exercises and a balanced diet can help the body get rid of excessive adipose tissue in the breasts. Specific exercises that target the upper body are also quite effective in reducing the breast size.
Eliminating The Cause Of The Condition
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When the condition results due to a disease, treating the underlying cause usually helps in the treatment of gynecomastia. At times, male breasts also result due to certain drugs or due to the use of anabolic steroids, a common practice among body-builders and sportsmen. In such cases, treatment is usually achieved with discontinuation of these drugs, which helps in bringing down the estrogen levels back to normal.
Use Of Medication
Severe or painful cases of gynecomastia are usually treated with selective estrogen receptor modulators such as tamoxifen and raloxifene or aromatase inhibitors to reduce the breast volume. Though both these medications are quite effective, they are incapable of completely eliminating the extra breast tissue.
Testosterone replacement therapy also offers hope to some patients, but it too has been found to be more effective in older men who are lacking in male hormones as compared to the men who have normal levels of androgen.
Many people have reported varying degrees of success with the use of turmeric root as a cure. Turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties and it is quite effective in reducing the pain and tenderness in the breasts as well.
Many physicians recommend the use of chemicals such as clomiphene, danazole, tamoxifen and dihydrotestosterone to treat gynecomastia. However, there is no proven evidence for the safety and efficacy of this line of treatment.
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The procedure involves drawing out excess fat through tiny incisions in the skin of the chest through suction. The process is less invasive and expensive as compared to actual surgery and may provide good results.
Use Of Radiation
The use of low dose radiation has also been found to be quite effective in treating the condition in the early stages. However, as the breast tissue becomes more dense and fibrous with the passage of time, the low dose radiation may not be able to penetrate within the deeper layers of the tissues, rendering the treatment ineffective during the later stages.
Cosmetic surgery or breast reduction usually serves as the last resort when all the treatment options fail to generate desired results. It might be especially necessary to treat severe cases of gynecomastia. Though the procedure is fairly painless and comparatively safe, it might be quite expensive and out of reach for some patients.
Gynecomastia can be a very distressing disease as it leads to pain and tenderness in the breasts and nipples and in some cases, even milk secretion. The condition can have a very negative impact on the confidence of an individual as it affects his social life and generally results in many cases of depression.
However, you do not need to suffer the agony of male breasts as the condition can be treated completely at any stage of the disease through natural remedies, exercises, medication or surgery.
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