How To Prevent Kidney Stones

how to prevent kidney stones Kidney stones occur due to the excess formation of oxalate crystals, which give rise to stones in the kidneys. These stones make urination difficult. If left untreated, they can lead to infection and damage the kidneys.

Here are some simple steps to prevent the formation of kidney stones.

How To Prevent Kidney Stones


The diet one consumes plays an important part in formation of kidney stones. Make sure you consume a diet that is high on citric acid. Eat citrus fruits like lime, sweet lime, oranges and Indian gooseberry, which are all high sources of vitamin C.

Vitamin C is known to prevent the formation of kidney stones. It is also important to increase the intake of fibre and decrease the consumption of protein, which leads to the formation of uric acid stones.

Drink Water

Having enough water ensures that toxins are flushed out and there is no build up of harmful chemicals that give rise to kidney stones. The colour of your urine will always indicate whether you are having enough water or not.

drink water to avoid kidney stones

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It should always be light and clear yellow. Dark urine means you are not having enough water, which is not a good sign. Sip on water throughout the day, as this will keep kidney stones at bay.

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Lose Weight

It is very important for obese people to lose weight to prevent the formation of kidney stones. Overweight people are more likely to develop kidney stones than people who have normal weight. So exercising will not only keep you fit and happy but will also help to prevent the formation of kidney stones.

Pain Medication

Most kidney stones can easily pass through in the urine of the person if the person’s water consumption is very high. Severe pain can be tackled with the help of painkillers, which give the much-needed relief.

Eat Less of Meats and Dairy

Stones made up of calcium and oxalate can be reduced by reducing the consumption of dairy and non-vegetarian food like meats and organ meat like liver. Reducing the consumption of vitamin D also reduces the absorption of dietary calcium.


Surgery may be needed as a last resort to treat kidney stones. The surgery is recommended if the stone is too large or located in a difficult place and refuses to come outeven after drinking copious amounts of water. Surgery may also be considered if the x-ray is showing an increase in size or the person has developed a urinary tract infection.

Bleeding, severe pain and damage to the kidney tissues may also necessitate a surgery to remove the stones. A lot of this is also dependent on the patient’s prognosis and previous medical history. Surgery, medicine along with some basic lifestyle changes may prevent the formation of future kidney stones and may keep the person fit and healthy.

For this, the person may have to stick to a simple diet, drink lots of water and exercise religiously in order to lose excess weight. These tips can go a long way in preventing kidney stones.