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How To Recognize The Symptoms Of Gonorrhoea
Symptoms of gonorrhoea in men are different from those in women and can develop in the oral, rectal or genital region. Around 90% of infected men develop some or the other symptoms of gonorrhoea and therefore, can be treated more effectively with early diagnosis.
How Does a Person Get Infected?
Gonorrhoea is generally passed on from one person to another through oral or vaginal sex. However body fluids play a major role in the transmission of the bacteria causing gonorrhoea. When somebody indulges in oral sex, he can develop oral gonorrhoea and anal sex may result in rectal gonorrhoea. Gonorrhoea infection of the penis is also quite common, and can develop due to penetrative or oral sex with an infected partner.
Though it is rare to find transmission of the disease by kissing or having oral sex with a person suffering from oral gonorrhoea, rectal gonorrhoea is highly infectious and should be treated immediately. If you suspect an infection you should immediately stop indulging in sexual activities and alert your sex partners as well.
Symptoms to Watch Out For
It can take around one to four weeks after infection to develop any symptoms. It is therefore important to watch out for the appearance of early symptoms for an early diagnosis. The most common symptoms of gonorrhoea in men are listed below.
Pain and discomfort in the penis
Pain, with or without burning sensation while urinating.
Painful and swollen testicles
A thick yellow, white or green discharge from the penis.
Soreness and itching in the anal region.
Anal discharge or bleeding
Severe pain and discomfort while defecating
Around 10% of infected men develop no symptoms of gonorrhoea. The diagnosis is difficult in such cases as the person is unaware of the infection. Prolonged infection may lead to some severe complications and more serious symptoms. The infection can spread to the testes, urinary bladder prostate gland and seminal vesicles and other glands located near the urethra. The late symptoms of gonorrhoea are listed below.
Inflammation of the urethra
Swelling of the prostate gland.
Complications due to prolonged and untreated gonorrhoea
When left untreated, the gonorrhoea causing bacteria can spread to other organs like heart, liver and kidneys and lead to some serious complications.
How to Get Tested for Gonorrhoea
Your physician can make a proper diagnosis by conducting a few tests and taking into account your symptoms and medical history. A urine examination can confirm the presence of the bacteria responsible for causing gonorrhoea.
Rectal and oral swabs may be taken for the diagnosis of rectal and oral gonorrhoea. Swabs are also taken from the urethra for microscopic examination of the bacteria causing gonorrhoea.
Antibiotic treatments have been found to be hugely successful in treating gonorrhoea. However, it is important to test for any bacterial presence once the treatment is over to avoid any recurrence of infection and to eliminate bacterial resistance to the drug.