You rarely hear of females going bald. Baldness unfortunately is primarily restricted to the male species. It is genetic and it is the male that carries the defective gene, which leads to premature baldness. If there is one thing that terrifies a male, it is the thought of going bald.
This is by far the second most stressful factor amongst men after impotence. Baldness can lead to a host of psychological problems like low self-esteem, lack of confidence and depression. Thankfully, not all is lost and men can take a lot of comfort and solace from medical technology, which has come out with innovative ways to nip the problem in the bud.
How To Stop Balding
The condition of premature balding is called as evolutional alopecia. The hair is essentially made up of a protein called as keratin, which is produced in the hair follicles. New hair are produced by the hair follicles and old hair are pushed out of the surface. So essentially the hair we see is the dead keratin cells. In alopecia, more hair follicles go into resting stage, which means that the head no longer has that many number of hair. The remaining hair, which are dead, begin to become shorter and thinner. On an average, most people lose about 100 hair every day. Anything more than this is a cause of concern.
Men begin to experience alopecia in their 20’s or 30’s while women suffer from it much later when they are well into their 40’s. The typical symptoms are hair thinning and a receding hairline. The causes are many ranging from scalp infections, stress, genetics and changes in hormone levels. Here are some of the ways to stop baldness.
Minoxidil is a topical solution, which is sold by the brand name regaine. It is supposed to increase the blood supply to the hair follicles and improve circulation, which assists in hair growth. It is supposedly applied twice a day for at least 4-5 months to see visible results.
2/3rds of men have reported a moderate to dense growth of hair with continued use. Re-growth can be as much as 25% of the hair but this also depends on how much hair you have lost. Hair growth shows after 2 months and peaks at one year with regular use. The cost is $25 and the side effects include mild irritation of the scalp.
The brand name of finasteride is propecia. It is only available as private prescription. It works by inhibiting the action of an enzyme in the body called as type II alpha reductase. This enzyme is responsible for converting testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. DHT is a hormone that typically damages hair follicles in men.
The tablet is taken once every day. It is effective in most men but it takes about 6 months to see visible results. The results are visible only with use. You are likely to lose all your hair once you stop taking the medicine. The side effects include sexual problems, impotence and reduced sex drive.
Hair Replacement Grafts
In a hair graft, a patch of hair is taken from the back of the scalp and placed on the balding area. It is done in several stages where a number of micro grafts are used. A good result depends on the surgeon’s skill. The cost of the hair graft can be upwards of $1500.The side effects include scarring and infection.