Staph infections are caused by the bacteria staphylococcus aureus, which are found on the surface of the skin. While these bacteria do no harm, they can cause an infection if they happen to enter an open wound or a cut.
Staph bacteria are passed from person to person through contact. Dirty surfaces also harbour bacteria, which can cause staph infections. A severe infection can lead to cellulitis, staph poisoning, folliculitis and boils. Here are some of the ways to treat a staph infection.
How To Treat A Staph Infection
Following good personal hygiene is one of the key factors in preventing a staph infection. Make sure that all the members in your family wash their hands as soon as they come into the house from outside.
Children who suffer from a staph infection should be regularly asked to wash their hands and keep them clean at all times. Contact with other people should be minimized.
Treating a Boil
Folliculitis is another symptom of a staph infection. This occurs around the area of the hair follicle. The follicle is a small pocket from where the hair strand grows. Due to friction and irritation, this area is infected and a small pus filled pimple appears around the hair follicle. The area often becomes red and inflamed.
This can become a full-blown boil or a carbuncle. Folliculitis is very common in people who shave. It may clear up on its own with good hygiene but at times the infection spreads all over the subcutaneous layer of the skin.
It forms a head and the pimple starts to ooze pus, blood and causes a lot of pain. In order to treat a boil it is important to let the head form.
Once sufficient pus has accumulated and the boil is ready to burst, start applying warm heating pads or compresses over the area of the boil. Repeat this treatment 5-6 times in a day. The warm compress allows the boil to burst and the pus can be drained out.
In severe cases of boils which lead to deeper skin infections, the boils get bigger and deeper and they don’t respond to treatment at home. In such cases the doctor may have to surgically drain the pus by applying local anaesthesia. The pus may have to be taken out over several days and the wound requires several days of dressing.
Staph infections respond well to oral antibiotics, which may be essential in case of a more serious infection. The medicines prevent the infection from spreading and becoming more serious.
Impetigo is a staph infection, which causes small blisters all over the body. These blisters accumulate fluid, which then burst. The rash spreads and causes itching. This is treated with the help of topical ointments and oral antibiotics.
Dressing the wound on a daily basis is important for the boil or the infection to completely heal. Dressing involves cleaning the wound with an anti-bacterial soap or dettol. This is done with a clean towel or cotton wool.
Antiseptic powder or cream is then applied to the wound and the wound is bandaged with a new band-aid or bandage as deemed fit.