The most common sexually transmitted diseases seen in men include syphilis, gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, genital herpes, HPV infection and HIV infection. A sexually active man can also contract non-specific urethritis and trichomoniasis from an infected sex partner. Some of the STDs present very mild to moderate symptoms or no symptom at all whereas others may lead to considerable agony and pain.
Sexually transmitted bacterial diseases have better chances of getting treated as compared to viral infections. At times the viral infections disappear on their own without causing any symptoms whereas some viral infections can be life threatening as well.
In either case, you can pass on the infection to your partner without realizing it. Therefore it is best to take preventive measures and alert your doctor in case you notice any of the following symptoms.
Signs And Symptoms Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Discharge from the Penis
Any kind of discharge from the tip of the penis should be taken very seriously as it can indicate the presence of STDs and more serious diseases like penile cancer. Thick whitish discharge may appear as a result of Chlamydia infection, whereas cloudy or bloody discharge is usually seen in men suffering from gonorrhoea.
Painful urination and associated discomfort is a very common symptom and is usually seen with Chlamydia infections, gonorrhoea and trichomoniasis. However, people suffering from kidney diseases and pancreatitis also exhibit this symptom.
Appearance of Sores, Blisters or Ulcers in the Genital Area
Blisters which appear as small red bumps and ulcers are the most common symptoms of genital herpes. However, they are also seen with HPV infections and syphilis.
Pain and Itching in the Genital Area
Trichomoniasis, herpes and genital warts can cause mild to severe itching in the genital and anal region.
Enlarged Lymph Nodes
Syphilis and HIV infections often lead to swelling of the lymph nodes as a result of inflammation. Swollen lymph nodes are one of the first signs of infection which may disappear on its own without treatment, as seen in the case of syphilis or persist for more than three months and even longer in case of HIV infections.
Pain in the Testes and Scrotum
Chlamydia infections and genital herpes often lead to pain in the male reproductive organs and the genital area.
Appearance of Rashes
HIV infections may manifest themselves in the form of skin rashes which are difficult to treat.
Fever, Headache, Sore Throat
HIV infections can lead to sore throats which are difficult to heal and the patient may experience headaches and fever for a prolonged period of time.
Diarrhoea and Weight Loss
Cough and Shortness of Breath
Persistent cough which is difficult to treat and secondary infections of the lungs are often observed in case of HIV patients.
The HPV infection can result in genital warts which appear as scaly patches of skin in the case of flat warts or as raised bumps. They may disappear on their own, with or without medication or multiply to increase the mass and number of warts.
The STDs can pose a potential threat to a person’s life if left untreated. However in many cases the disease remains asymptomatic and is therefore difficult to diagnose.
The mild diseases, such as, mild HPV infections and mild Chlamydia infections may disappear on their own, whereas HIV and severe cases of HPV infections may remain asymptomatic in the body for many years before causing the symptoms.