Cystic fibrosis is responsible for the deaths of millions of people all around the world. This condition is caused by the mutation of certain genes which are responsible for the production of bodily fluids such as sweat.
When these genes mutate, there are serious disturbances in the production and composition of these bodily fluids. Such fluids often become very thick and thus, they are not able to flow smoothly in the body. The mucous becomes very thick and this causes breathing difficulties.
It tends to clog the respiratory passages and this gives rise to severe discomfort. The digestive juices are also affected and thus the person experiences several health problems concerning the digestive system. Even the sweat of the person is affected due to this disorder.
Very often, excessive amounts of various salts are discarded in the form of sweat and this leads to itchiness of the skin. Cystic fibrosis cannot be treated. However, there are several medicines which can ease the discomfort of the patient.
Symptoms Of Cystic Fibrosis
This is one of the most common symptoms of cystic fibrosis. People who suffer from this condition have excessive amounts of salt in their sweat. When they perspire, this salt is left back on the skin of the person.
These salt deposits can cause severe itchiness and redness on the surface of the skin. Such people have to bathe very often in order to keep their skin clean and free from any residue. Such a symptom must be reported to your doctor as soon as it is noticed.
Loss of Weight
People who suffer from cystic fibrosis often lose weight at a very rapid rate. This is because cystic fibrosis also affects the organs in the digestive system. Organs such as the pancreas and liver are not able to perform their tasks efficiently.
Adequate digestive juices are not secreted and thus, the ingested food is not digested properly. Due to this, the person is deprived of vital nourishment and thus loses weight rapidly. Other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea can also occur due to lack of digestive juices.
Cystic fibrosis affects the respiratory system in a negative way. It makes the mucous very thick and this hinders the normal functioning of the lungs. The mucous is not able to cover and shield the lungs and this gives rise to several lung infections.
When this mucous is very thick, the respiratory passages become clogged and the person is unable to breathe properly. Such breathing problems commonly occur at night and the person is often unable to sleep.
The mucous becomes so thick that the patient is not even able to cough it out. Very strong medicines are required which can try to dissolve these thick deposits.
The hormones of the person are also affected due to cystic fibrosis. Children who are suffering from this condition do not grow properly like other normal children.
The fingers become clubbed due to hormonal imbalances in the body. The production of insulin is also affected and this causes the problem of diabetes among many cystic fibrosis patients.