Ultra sound exam can often pin point the presence of a lump in the testes. While most of the time such lumps are benign, many of them eventually turn out to be cancerous and need to be examined with the help of a biopsy. Here are some leading signs and symptoms of testicular cancer.
Top Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer
The most obvious sign of testicular cancer is scrotal enlargement. The scrotum on either of the sides becomes big and swells up. Patients notice an unusual sensation of heaviness along with abdominal aching.
Secretion of HCG
Certain testicular tumours secrete a large number of female hormones such as HCG, which are responsible for the development of breasts in males. Thus, the presence of male boobs, breast tenderness and fat deposits around the breasts become an obvious symptom, which need to be further examined. Blood tests can help to determine the circulating levels of the HCG hormone.
An over production of estrogen in the body can also result in a decrease in the man’s libido. This is often caused due to the presence of certain tumours in the testes like the sertoli tumour and leydig tumour. Over production of androgens in men leads to excess facial and body hair.
The cancer in its advanced stage metastasizes to the other areas of the body like the lower lymph nodes. Therefore, the man starts to experience back pain. Lung cancer may lead to chest pain and shortness of breath along with blood in the sputum.
Painful swelling is another symptom of the testicular cancer in men. This condition is called as orchitis. If the man has contracted mumps as an adult then this too may predispose him to testicular cancer.
Shrinking of the testicle
The testes in some cases may appear smaller or may have even shrunk. This is not normal and often needs to be examined in order to rule out testicular cancer.
The presence of lumps
The presence or sensation of lumps is another sign of testicular cancer. Often the lumps are very small and barely noticeable but they tend to grow big over a period of time. Lumps should never be ignored but should always be shown to a doctor immediately who can make a correct diagnosis.
If the scrotum starts to collect fluid then this is not a good sign. Collection of fluid could also mean an infection but this is best examined at a doctor’s office who can rule out the possibility of a cancer.
Pain in the scrotum can be mild and often excruciating when the cancer has advanced to the last stage. Pain should be seen to by a doctor to rule out injuries or the occurrence of cancer.
The doctor may perform a general health examination on the man and may do certain blood tests to ascertain the presence of malignant tumours. With this, an accurate diagnosis of cancer can be made.