Dementia is a condition which normally affects old people. People who are older than sixty years of age are more prone to suffering from this condition than those who are younger. Dementia affects the cognitive abilities of the patient in a negative way.
The patient experiences various disturbances with regard to his senses and reasoning ability. Dementia prevents the affected person from leading a normal life as it has a devastating effect on the entire human body. The person becomes incapable of looking after himself and this leads to a great deal of trauma and suffering. Such people are often confined to their beds as this disease progresses.
Dementia can be categorized into certain distinct stages. It is important to detect this condition in its early stages as the patient can be treated in order to control the symptoms of this condition.
Three Stages Of Dementia
The First Stage
This is the earliest stage of dementia and it is often difficult to identify the symptoms of this condition at this stage. The patient shows signs of forgetfulness and is often quite clumsy. Such symptoms are often overlooked as they are considered to be part of the natural aging process.
As time passes by, the patient is able to notice a stark decline in his present cognitive abilities. Such symptoms must be brought to the attention of a doctor if you think you might be suffering from a case of dementia. During this stage, medication can be used to slow down the progression of this disease. This brings a great deal of relief to the patient.
The Second Stage
During this stage, the patient experiences symptoms which are much worse than the symptoms of the first stage. The patient often suffers from short-term memory loss which means that he is unable to remember things which have taken place a short while ago. This can become a major hindrance in the life of the affected person.
The patient also tends to forget important things such as directions. Such people often need to move around with friends or family members as they are capable of losing their way. Mood swings are also extremely common at this stage and the patient becomes extremely particular about everything. Panic attacks are common when any item belonging to the patient is moved from its original place.
The Third Stage
This is considered to be the last stage of dementia. The patient loses his ability to look after himself and it becomes cumbersome for the family members to handle the patient. The patient loses his ability to recognise others and this makes things even more difficult for others. The patient needs help to even bathe, dress and eat.
Such a person cannot live alone as he needs to be under constant observation. In most cases, such patients lose their ability to move around and thus they become confined to the bed. This eventually results in the death of the affected people as they are not able to stay active and healthy. Treatment during this stage is not of much use.