Pigmentation is a common problem especially in middle aged people. It generally occurs when the skin darkens due to malfunctioning of endocrine glands and liver.
You can suffer from pigmentation or patchy skin on your face as well as on other parts of the body like your neck, back, arms and feet. Over exposure to the sun, certain medicines and severe acne may also cause pigmentation.
How to Avoid Pigmentation?
Pigmentation can be easily avoided if you take precautionary measures and follow a regular skin care regime.
External Care of The Skin
Protect your skin from harsh sun rays by using sun screen lotion lavishly on the exposed areas before going out during the day. Avoid going out in the sun when the rays are too strong that is between 11 A.M. to 4 P.M. in summers. In winter months avoid sitting in the sun for long periods of time. Wear a hat or use an umbrella while going out in the sun, to protect your face from direct sun. Use sun glasses to avoid pigmentation around the eyes.
Scrub your face with a face scrub to remove dead cells. It stimulates blood circulation and rejuvenates the skin. However avoid using a face scrub during the day as it opens the skin pores and your skin may become susceptible to pigmentation. You should use natural or organic skin care products as far as possible to avoid pigmentation. Sometimes certain chemicals like alcohol, lanolin, dye etc. present in cosmetics can cause adverse effects on the skin and may lead to pigmentation.
Regular massage with a good nourishing cream which contains zinc helps to avoid pigmentation. Massage your face in circular motions every night before going to bed to keep your skin healthy and spotless. Steaming helps to open pores and remove toxins from the skin. Steam your face for 2-3 minutes and after cooling wash your face with cold water. Apply lemon juice on the face to cleanse the skin. Lemon is a natural bleaching agent and it helps to maintain a clean and clear skin.
Internal Care of The Skin
To avoid pigmentation you need to expel harmful toxins from the body by eating a skin friendly diet. Dryness can cause pigmentation. Your skin should be well hydrated in order to prevent pigmentation. You must drink at least 8- 10 glasses of water every day to maintain a supple and glowing skin. A diet rich in iron, calcium, vitamin A, E, C and B should be eaten to avoid pigmentation. Carrot, tomato, cucumber, spinach, nuts and citrus fruits are skin friendly foods. They should be included in your daily meals.
Proper blood circulation in the body is necessary to avoid pigmentation. Yoga breathing exercises like Kapalbhati Pranayama and Anulom Vilom Pranayama are very effective in dealing with pigmentation.
Yoga Asanas such as Sarvanga Asana is an effective way to avoid pigmentation. By doing this asana you help the blood to flow towards the face and the increased blood flow helps to clear the skin. Aerobic exercises like jogging, brisk walking also stimulate blood circulation and help to prevent pigmentation.