Top 12 Causes Of Hair Loss

Causes Of Hair Loss Those who have luscious and strong hair love it, but those who do not have it, do nothing apart from longing for it. However, there is a third category of people who have healthy or good looking hair, but are losing it.

Ask these people, and they will tell you that they’re ready to do anything to stay away from hair shedding. Although it is quite easy to blame your parents or genes for hair fall and thinning of hair, but the causes behind hair fall doesn’t always have to be genetic. It might surprise you but there are dozens of reasons behind hair loss. It is important to understand the causes behind hair loss and take steps to prevent it.

Tight Braids or Pulled-Back Hair

Any hairstyle that pulls your hair can cause hair loss or what is typically called traction alopecia. Traction alopecia is caused due to chronic pulling of hair, gradually leading to hair loss. At times, the entire hairline may get pulled back, and eventually get lost.


Trichotillomania is essentially a condition in which people experience an irresistible urge of pulling their hair from various parts of body including the head. While there is confusion whether trichotillomania is an obsessive-compulsive disorder or a habit, the end result in both cases is often the same.

Trichotillomania generally leads to a bald spot. However, if you get rid of the habit, the hair will regrow on its own. It is important to understand that excessive or long-term trichotillomania may even cause scarring of the scalp. Trichotillomania may even lead to permanent hair loss.


All of us know that thyroid is a gland situated just below the voice box and is responsible for regulating the metabolism of the body by releasing a number of hormones including thyroxin. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which hormones are not produced efficiently causing common problems such as patchy hair loss, which is also called alopecia areata. Hypothyroidism may also be caused due to autoimmune diseases, certain medications, birth abnormalities and surgery that involve thyroid removal.

Autoimmune Disease

In case you’re suffering from arthritis or diabetes, you are dealing with an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases arise generally due to dysfunction of body’s own immune system. Our immune system mistakenly destroys healthy body tissue by attacking it. When our own immune system attacks the hair follicles, the hair growth is restricted and various kinds of hair problems get developed including telogen effluvium and cicatricial alopecia. While cicatricial alopecia is permanent hair loss, telogen effluvium generally occurs when growth cycle of hair gets disrupted.


There are a number of infections that can cause hair loss, the most common being ringworm. The worm is generally caused due to a fungus known as Tinea capitis. This fungus thrives in moist and warm conditions and generally arises due to poor maintenance and hygiene. The fungus generally affects children, but adults may also get affected. However, the condition can be treated with the help of anti-fungal medications.


Chemotherapy treatment is generally given to cancer patients in order to stop cancer cells from growing rapidly. However, chemotherapy adversely affects hair follicles, causing hair loss.


Although most of us know how chemotherapy drugs can lead to hair loss, we do know that different medications including anti-coagulants, hormonal therapies, beta-blockers, anti-thyroid medications and many other drugs can lead to hair loss. These drugs may even cause telogen effluvium, which is a condition characterized by extreme hair loss.

Causes Of Hair Loss

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Vitamin/Mineral deficiency

Whatever is the cause behind Mineral and vitamin deficiency, it certainly leads to hair loss. Malnutrition, crash dieting, or genetic reasons may also lead to mineral and vitamin deficiency. Having a diet low in Iron, vitamin B12 and proteins may also contribute to hair loss. Having a diet deficient in Iron can cause anemia, which is a condition in which enough red blood cells are not produced. This restricts normal functioning of other organs, eventually causing hair loss.

Having protein deficient diet also increases chances of hair loss. Those suffering with eating disorders are often prone to hair loss.


Both psychological and physical stress causes strange effects on entire body. Severe stress can send body into a state that is characterized by hormonal and metabolic disorders. It can cause telogen effluvium.

Male pattern baldness

Male pattern baldness, which is often called androgenetic alopecia, is characterized by thinning of hair, ultimately leading to balding. In this condition, the hair follicles shrink and change their size, causing hair to become thin.  Although a number of treatments for male pattern baldness are available, but they do not guarantee total solution. Male pattern baldness also affects the growth cycle of hair, causing it to fall out frequently.

Hormonal changes

Hormonal imbalances and changes may also cause temporary hair loss. There can be various reasons behind hormonal imbalance in the body such as pregnancy, discontinuation of birth control pills, childbirth, underactive or overactive thyroid gland and onset of menopause. In some conditions, hair loss is even delayed by as much as three months following the hormonal changes in body.

Hormonal imbalance in body may also be associated with testosterone overproduction. Hormonal imbalance in body causes thinning of hair, especially over the scalp crown. Taking steps that correct hormonal imbalance in the body may reverse hair loss.

Hair treatments

Treating hair with chemicals may cause severe hair loss. Some of the treatments that may lead to hair loss are bleaching, dying, tinting, permanent waves, straightening of hair etc. You must not brush your hair excessively or over style it as both of them can cause damage in the hair shaft, eventually causing hair to fall out.

There is no doubt that hair loss can cause great distress and anxiety. Sometimes it may even lead to frustration and panic. However, you must bear in mind that gradual thinning of hair and hair loss can be a part of aging process also. Although hair fall to an extent is normal but if you are suffering from excessive hair loss, it is vital that you take steps.

Understanding the cause behind their hair loss and planning a treatment program is essential to stop hair loss. You must also plan a hair care routine so that you do not only get back your strong and luscious hair, you also shine with confidence and self-esteem.

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